The performance of Poverty Alleviation in Indonesia is relatively low. The poverty rate in Indonesia for the last ten (10) years has been recorded at 1.8%, from 11.37% in 2013 declining to 9.57% in 2022 or a decrease of only 0.18% of year. Seeing this achievement, it is impossible for the government to achieve the RPMN target of reducing poverty to 7% and eliminating poverty from Ekreem to 0% by 2024.

To measure poverty in Indonesia, BPS uses the concept of ability to meet basic needs (basic needs approach). This concept refers to the Handbook on Poverty and Inequality published by the World Bank. With this approach, poverty is seen as an economic inability to meet basic food and non-food needs as measured from the expenditure side. Residents are categorized as poor if they have an average expenditure per capita per month below the poverty line.

The poverty line in 2013 reached IDR 291,058 / capita / month, while the poverty line in 2022 was recorded at IDR 535,547 / capita / month with a composition of the Food Poverty Line of IDR 397,125.00 (74.15 percent) and the Non-Food Poverty Line of IDR 138,422.00 (25.85 percent).

The Poverty Line (GK) reflects the rupiah value of the minimum expenditure needed by a person to meet his basic needs for a month, both food and non-food needs. The GK consists of the Food Poverty Line (GKM) and the Non-Food Poverty Line (GKNM). The Food Poverty Line (GKM) is the minimum expenditure value for food needs which is equivalent to 2100 kilocalories per capita per day. Commodity packages for basic food needs are represented by 52 types of commodities (grains, tubers, fish, meat, eggs and milk, vegetables, nuts, fruits, oils and fats, etc.). The Non-Food Poverty Line (GKNM) is the minimum expenditure value for non-food needs in the form of housing, clothing, education and health.

If broken down by City and Village, it is obtained that the poverty rate in rural areas has always been higher than the poverty rate in urban areas over the past ten years. For example, in 2022 the aggregate poverty rate of 9.57% is a contribution from the Rural Poverty Rate of 12.36% and the Urban Poverty Rate of 7.53%. It is becoming increasingly clear that poverty control in Indonesia, especially in rural areas, which the government has failed to achieve in the last ten years, requires special attention.



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